Andijan was mentioned for the first time in the IX century in some records, though it is 2000 years old. Andijan is located on the south-eastern side of the Fergana Valley, around which are spectacular hills. It is the hometown of Zahiriddin Muhammad Bobur who was a great poet, skilled commander, and the founder of the Boburids Empire in India. There is remained house belonged to Bobur in Andijan where tourists can visit.
Through Andijan the Karadarya runs, along the the route of which there were numerous caravanserais. City Andijan appeared on the track of Great Silk road and served as a gateway of the Fergana Valley in the east. According to historical scripts, ancient Andijan was a large city and in the IX-X centuries it became a part of Samanids Empire. During it was under control of Temurids flourished rapidly in all fields. In the XVI century it was taken by Sheibanids and later it was reigned by Kokand Khanate. In 1876 it was included by Russian Empire.
In 1902 a catastrophic earthquake occurred in Andijan which caused destruction of various architectural monuments. The main remained historical monument is the Jome’ Mosque and Madrasah. The complex is about 1.5 hectares including a madrasah, a mosque and a minaret.
Moreover, there is situated an ancient settlement of Ershi, 30 km far from Andijan. It was the capital of the historical state – Davan. In the region people also consider the following sites as holy places: Imam Ota, Tuzlik Mazar, Ok Gur, Shirmanbuloq spring and etc.
Today Andijan is renowned for its modern and picturesque appearance among other cities, breathtaking view enriched with pleasant ambience of the city persuades you stay here more and more.