The capital of Karakalpakstan is Nukus city situated in the northern part of Uzbekistan, surrounded by three deserts, namely the Karakum, the Kyzylkum, Ustyurt and near th the Aral Sea. Although the city celebrated its 80 years anniversary in 2012 the existent social culture, lifestyle is considered to belong to the IV century BC and IV century AD. In the north-west of Nukus is located the ancient town Shurcha, built in order to protect the border of ancient Khorezm and control the waterway on the Amu Darya. Even today you can see the ruins of the walls and minarets in this area.
In the end of the XIX century Nukus used to be a little aul (village), after the Amu Darya had threated to flush the former capital Turtkul, situated 12 km away from the bank river, the capital moved to Nukus. The town was officially born in 1932. Today it is the administrative, political and cultural center of Karakalpakstan Republic which is rich in parks, gardens, newly-built modern buildings, as well as historical sights. Among them the Art Museum of Karakalpakstan named after Savitskiy is noticeably outstanding with its over 50 000 paintings and other works of art impressing the whole world.
Situated in the north- western part of Uzbekistan, Karakalpakstan has a really unique natural scenary and hundreds of architectural sights which have particular history to share. In all directions nearly a thousand kilometres of hot desert expands, which accounts 80% of the whole country territory. To the south-west lies the Karakum Desert and the Ustyurt Plateau and Kyzylkum Desert surround in the north-west and north-east respectively.
The territory of Karakalpakstan includes the southern part of the drying Aral Sea leaving saline Aralkum Desert back. According to some scientific findings, geologists showed that in old times the desert area of Karakalpakstan was sea bottom. Here you can come across some ancient marine world remnants belonged to Cretaceous and Cenozoic Era. There are over three hundred historical monuments making the whole area an archeological reserve. One more point should be noted here that the territories of modern Khorezm, Karakalpakstan and Turkmenistan was the native land of Zoroastrianism and its holy book Avesto.