With over 2.5 million people Tashkent is considered a metropolis and the capital city of Uzbekistan. Along shiny, wide streets and avenues peaceful, exquisite squares, parks and gardens, as well as astonishing fountains make the city more special.
Tashkent can be seen as a wonderful mixture of both fashionable and venerable infrastructure: business and commercial skyscrapers with amazing windows around the city represent how modern present Tashkent is, while buildings from different historical ages: from early-medieval centuries to the time of Soviet Era prove its existence of many years.
Like many ancient cities, Tashkent was also born on the Great Silk Road connecting China with the other parts of the world. About city settlement in this area initial references were written in the 2nd century BC, mainly by Chinese historians, naming the town Yueni or Shi,while in the records of Persian kings it was called as Chach; Arabians cited it as Shash, and the locals used to state as Tashkent which means ‘stone town’(tosh- ‘stone’,kent-‘town’);and it appeared officially in Turkish documents written in the 9th and 12th centuries.
Over the centuries Tashkent used to be one of the main Silk Road cities thanks to its favourable geographical state. It was considered a significant centre of culture, science, and art. During the 14th and 16th it was governed by Timurid Empire, and from 16th century Sheibanids began controlling the city as a important part of their land. Till the conquest of Russian Empire in 1865 by Mikhail Chernyayev, Tashkent was under control of Kokand Khonligi. The Russian government was established here, afterwards in 1930 tashkent was chosen as a the capital of former Uzbek SSR.
SIGHTSEEINGS IN TASHKENT
The city was divided into two parts: the Old City and the Modern City, though there is not a clear border between them right now. Actually, the sightseeings are mainly situated in the old part as traditional culture has been preserved for centuries. Here spirit of Old City can be felt: warm and pleasant courtyards in the traditional mahallas, the crowded Chorsu Bazaar, artisans, teahouses-choykhonas, bakeries, workshops, blue domes of Khast Imom complex and other mosques.
In the latter part visiting sights are the Tashkent TV Tower, Amir Temur Square where the famous Tashkent astronomical clock is, Independence Square, Churches (since this part was built by the christian Russian):the German church, the Polish church, etc; the former residence belonged to Prince Romanov.
Besides, Tashkent is well-known with its underground system which was constructed first in the Central Asia. The unique feature of Tashkent metro is related with its special designs of 29 stations, which does not look like to one another. The décor always suits the names of the stations which portray history, priceless traditions, creativeness of nation as well as intentions from future.
Another famous and most visited sight in Tashkent is the Zangiata Mausoleum: here one of the Muslim saints Sheikh al-Khoja and his wife Ambar Bibi were buried. Located 15km far from Tashkent, this is considered very renowned place by local people.
TV TOWER, TASHKENT
Tashkent TV Tower is almost 40 years old and considered the highest construction in the Central Asia. Its overall height is 375 meters and its construction can withdraw 9 Richter magnitude. The project of the TV Tower was designed by architects Semashko,Terziyev, Tzarukova, engineers Morozova, Musheeva. Built in a form of lattice, the main trunk is set on the three slopped feet, which make the building appear steady as well as light.
Tashkent TV Tower broadcasts programs of 5 televisions and 4 radios, besides it has the highest meteorological station. To conduct these actions 220 meters of the tower is used, here arranged the most modern means of communication (satellite TV, mobile and paging communication)
The foyer decorated with Florentine and Roman styled mosaic panel iwas created by master Buharbaev. There is a Blue hall at the height of 150 meters which is intended for 60 seats. In the restaurants they serve Uzbek National and European meals, in the bars of them you can find a wide range of drinks. On the observation deck you can watch over the whole city. The tower has three high-speed lifts whose speed is four meters per second and they were brought from Swiss.
AMIR TIMUR MUSEUM, TASHKENT
Address: 1, Amir Timur str., Yunus-Abad district, Tashkent
Phone: (+998 71) 232-02-11, 232-02-12
Working hours: from 10:00 a.m. to 05:00 p.m. (w/o lunch)
Closed: on Monday
Another sightseeing in the city centre is Museum of the History of Timurids (also called Amir Timur Museum), which was founded in Tashkent in 2006. Erected in the style of oriental architecture it is considered an important landmark of the city. The construction presents a round building upon which topped an enormous blue dome. Around the whole periphery of the building there set graceful columns to support the roof. The arched windows make the museum more attractive.
The inner side of the museum is also richly-decorated. In the treasure of Amir Timur Museum can be seen more than three thousand expositions that are from different ages of our history. There are paintings, historical documents that relate to the life and activity of Amir Timur, unique manuscripts, weapons, old clothes, utensils, and various coins among them. And each of them has its own story to tell about history.
MUSEUM OF APPLIED ART OF UZBEKISTAN, TASHKENT
Address: 15, str. Rakatboshi, Yakkasaray district, Tashkent
Phone: (+998 71) 256-40-42, 256-39-43
Working hours: from 09:00 a.m. to 06:00 p.m. (w/o lunch, cash-desk closes at 05:00 p.m.)
Web site: www.artmuseum.uz
The Museum of Applied Art of Uzbekistan was founded in 1927 exhibiting for the first time artworks by Uzbek artists.
At first the museum was called Museum of Handicrafts, afterwards it received the state status and named as Uzbek State Applied Art Museum.
The visitors can be shown over 7000 samples of applied art: scull-caps (there are regional differences in making a do’ppi), handmade embroidery, jewelleries, carpets, and other kinds of craftsmanship. The examples belong to the period of from early XIX century to present day.
The exhibits in the museum can be divided into 3 groups:
– Works based on ancient traditions and relating to schools;
– Works created after the second half of the XIX century;
– Works decorated with colourful ornaments with a mixture of modern art.
One more good point to state is the existence of two gift shops in the museum where you can buy examples of jewellery, fabrics, porcelain, carpets, coinages, paintings, graphics, or varnished miniature by Uzbek masters.
STATE MUSEUM OF HISTORY OF UZBEKISTAN, TASHKENT
Address: 3, Rashidov Avenue, Tashkent
Phone: (+99871) 239-17-79, 239-17-78, 239-10-83
Working hours: from 10:00 a.m. to 05:00 p.m. (w/o lunch)
Closed: on Monday
Web site: www.historymuseum.uz
Consisting of four floors, State Museum of History of Uzbekistan is considered the oldest museum in Central Asia. The fund of museum lists over 250 000 exhibits, including over 60 000 archeological, over 80 000 numismatic and 16 000 ethnographical items representing from primitive history till the present, which are divided into the four floors respectively.
On the first floor modern exhibitions of different themes are held regularly. The second floor includes the items of tools, mirrors, jewellery, household equipment dating back over thousands of years. On this floor it is possible to see expositions from all the known archeologic destinations belonging to the period from the ancient time till the era of Timurids.
The numismatic exhibits, especially, are amazing: examples of coins and other monetaries of various ancient states and dynasties.
The third floor hosts exponents of the time of three khanates, Khiva, Kokand khanates and Bukhara emirate. The staff reflecting this period have their own similarities at the same time differences.
Exhibitions in the fourth floor illustrate the newest history of Uzbekistan, 19th-20th centuries. There you can be introduced magazines and newspapers printed by Jadists, first theatre bills, films and photos; moreover, there is a collection of medals of Uzbek champions won at different times in kurash – wrestling, tennis and other sports competetions.
Another destination worthy to visit is the Tashkent Metro – the oldest subway system in Central Asia, construction began in 1968, two years later after ruinous earthquake, and has been continuing up today. Since the population went up significantly there appeared a necessity of rapid and comfortable public transport system.
There are three main lines of the underground system: the initial line was put to use in 1977 and three years later this line was extended; in 1991 the next line completely started running; the last line opened in 2001, construction is going on. Overall there are 29 stations in Tashkent metro.
The extraordinary side of Tashkent metro is considered the special deco of each station, where marble, art ceramics, carved alabaster, national ganch, smalt, glass, granite and other components were used to give unique effect. Lighting also assists masterly to create pleasing ambience.
In order to comfort the passengers there is well-organized air-conditioning system preventing from heat and cold weather. Besides, safety regulations are always under control to provide visitors ecurity.
AMIR TIMUR SQUARE, TASHKENT
The square named after Amir Temur is located in the center of Tashkent. The park is not so big, but has relaxing atmosphere, which is not easy finding in the crowded city centres. There is a monument to Amir Temur, great statesman and governor, founder of centralized united state including 27 countries, under which is written his motto in four languages: ‘Power is in Justice’.
The history of the square dates back in the XIX century when Tashkent was the centre of Turkistan Military Command. The park was constructed in the centre surrounded by women’s and men’s gymnasium, school and state bank buildings according to general Chernyayev’s order.
In 2009 the small park was reconstructed, brought various plantings, set fountains – made it much more picturesque!
Today around Amir Timur Square situated the buildings of the “Uzbekistan” Hotel, University of Law (former Women’s Gymnasium), the Amir Timur Museum, well-known Tashkent Chimes and the Forums Palace.
From there roads lead all other parts of the city, which proves that the square is an inseparable part of modern Tashkent.
THE CENTRAL SQUARE OF TASHKENT – MUSTAKILLIK MAYDONI
Including almost 12 ha area, the Independence Square is located in the centre of Tashkent city. There are a lot of State buildings and government institutions: to the south from Independence Monument situated Uzbek Senate Building, new building of Uzbek Parliament Supreme Chamber (here used to be National Library named after Alisher Navai, then it moved another place), building of Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In the other part of the square there is Glory and Memory Alley erected in honour of soldiers perished for the peace of Motherland in World War II. Along the two sides of the alley there are big books ( whose covers are made of carved wooden, pages are like of gold), where written names of all participants in the war. Near the alley there are monument to Mourner Mother and Quenchless Flame, which are regularly put flowers by residents on 9th of May and on the other holidays. Besides, the central figure in the square is marble columns united by a bridge, over which sculptures of storks symbolizing peace and quietness. Passing by them you face musical fountains stretching to Independence Monument – a figure of woman staring with kindness at her baby in her arms.
Originally, it was a garden of a palace belonged to Kokand Khan, afterwards a vast garden became a part of Turkistan Governor General’s residence. In the Soviet Time it was named as Lenin Square, after declaration of Independence it re-named to Independence Square (Mustaqillik Maydoni).
KHOJA AKHRAR VALI JUMA MOSQUE, TASHKENT
Khoja Ahrar Vali Juma Mosque is considered is the most oldest one in 157 mosques in Tashkent, the third largest in Uzbekistan after the Bibi- Khanum in Samarkand and Poi-Kalyan in Bukhara. The present name was given to the mosque in the XV century.
The Juma mosque was established in 819 in shahristan (centre) of ancient Tashkent, today it is surrounded by Chorsu, Khadra, Eski Juva and other Old City sites. Up to now the mosque has been rebuilt several times.
The Juma Mosque was erected symbolizing the Holy Kaaba with 15 m cube, a dome and arch span, facing to East. At that time when the mosque was built it was possible to watch on over the whole city as there used to be one or occasionally two-storey houses. The place for imam and mikhrab were in the cube; inside the mosque there were cells in arched galleries around the long yard.
After the earthquake in 1868, there was a complete destruction, then the mosque left in this condition for 20 years. In 1888 Russian Emperior Alexander III assigned money for reconstruction, which caused named the mosque as Tsarist Mosque for some time. Afterwards it was used as administrative building of Ministry of Education and other public offices. In the 1990’s the mosque was reformed anew and given its present look.
KUKELDASH MADRASAH, CENTRE OF MUSLUM EDUCATION
Constructed in 1570, Kokaldash Madrasah is situated very close to Chorsu Bazaar, in the old part of the city. The Madrasah Kokaldash aws built by hokim Dervish Khan who was vizier of Tashkent khans. “Kokaldash” – means ‘milk brother’, so Dervish Khan was the foster-brother of the Khan.
In the XVIII century here established caravansarys – carriageways for merchants; in the XIX century the madrasah served as citadel of Kokand Khans; afterwards till 1865 it was used as a place where public execution was performed: to fortify people’s morality from the wall of the central portal stones in the bags were thrown to the wives found unfaithful.
Today the restored madrasah carries out its functions, here students live and train; on Fridays people come to do Friday prayers.
MINOR MOSQUE, TASHKENT
White mosque of the capital
Located in the levee of Ankhor Channel the White Mosque is surrounded by breathtaking landforms as a consequence of which residents of the city usually are in favour of strolling in this area. This new site of Tashkent is in the new part of modern Tashkent and near the UzExpo Centre and Hotel International. The Minor Mosque was opened on the eve of Eid Holiday, on the first of October, 2014.
In 2013’s summer the initial attempts started to put up the new mosque, and used the eastern architectural peculiarities to do the best. It must be stated here that, in the construction of the mosque white marble was utilized therefore the walls of this religious construction shine under the pure sky while its bluish-green turquois dome appears to be absorbing into sky.
The White Mosque can accommodate about 2400 people. The mosque is divided into two parts: terraced open front part; and the main hall where gold plated mihrab indicating qibla (the direction Kaaba, Mecca,towards which Muslims face and pray), adorned with oyats from Koran is.
Although it is a new sight and does not have a long history yet, try not to miss the opportunity to have a look at the gorgeous marbled walls of the Minor Mosque.
SHASTRI MONUMENT, TASHKENT
In the central part of Tashkent Shastri is well-known place for the residents of the city as a city landmark, whereas the Indians know him as a great politician, statesman as Mahatma Gandi and Javaharlal Neru. Today in one of the Tashkent’s central crossroads there is a monument for this figure had a great contribution in Indian’s history and a track in Tashkent as well.
Born in the civil servants family Lal Bahadur was an activist of the movement for the Independence of India. In 1925 he received a title ‘shastri’, translated from Hindi means ‘scholar’, graduating from University of Indian National Congress and now it has become a part of his name.
During his lifetime he governed the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Railways and Transport, and after death of Javaharlal Neru he was appointed the Prime Minister of India.
In August-September 1965, Indo-Pak War took place. In order to end up opposition completely between two sides, the USSR called two parties to Tashkent to start negotiations in January of 1966. On the 10th of January, after hard discussions, they signed Tashkent Declaration representing stopping war and establishing trade-economic relations between sides. At that night he felt unwell and at about 2 am Shastri died from heart attack. Among people carrying the coffin to the funeral train was Muhammed Ayub Khan, the President of Pakistan – his former opponent.
In 1976, ten years later after his life path ended, monument to Shastry by Uzbek sculptor Yakov Shapiro was opened in Tashkent.
In Tashkent it is a bit difficult to find a special vegetarian restaurant. However, in the menus of several eateries there are vegetarian salads, vegetable dumplings, somsas, pizzas and pastas.
Nowadays Tashkent has become rich enough in coffee shops where western style coffee is made. Sometimes the pleasant smell of hot coffee persuades the passengers to have a taste of some brand coffee. Café-bakeries, offering freshly-baked bread, patir, baguette,croissant, and pastries baking cakes, biscuits and other sweets are also very popular among the citizens and visitors.
HOW TO RENT THE CAR IN TASHKENT
Bicycles, motorbikes may be hired though there is no particular system of renting.
What’s more you can get a car for rent in Tashkent. Cars should be ordered at least a day before. While in the peak tourist season it is better to book in advance as there can be short of cars.
Tashkent has well-infrastructured roads and at the same time a very good system of transportation.
In Tashkent buses and minibuses run on to almost all parts of the city. It is one of the cheapest means to travel around the city with a beautiful view of today’s Tashkent. Buses stop in every bus-stop where is a timetable of them. Usually buses pass approximately in every 10-15 minutes, changing periods according to rush hour.buses run usually from 5 or 6 am to 22 pm.
If you are in a hurry the city can offer a metro system, which was built first time in the Central Asia. The price of fee is the same as buses, but the network is limited to the central areas of the city, and now construction is going on. Trains depart in every 3-4 minutes and it operates from 6 am to midnight.
Another popular way of travelling in the city is catching a taxi. You can easily flag down one on the road or order via official taxi services mainly using apps like Yandex or My Taxi..
TO TASHKENT BY…
Mainly visitors prefer to get to Tashkent by air. Tashkent International Airport has outbound lines with a number of international airlines, such as Aeroflot, Air Astana, Asiana Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Korean Airlines, Nordwind Airlines, Somon Air, and Turkish Airlines. Simultinuously, Uzbekistan Airways, offers regular flights to many European, Asian, and North American cities including Bangkok, Beijing, Delhi, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Kuala Lumpur, London, New York, Paris, Seoul, and Tel Aviv. It also flies to many CIS countries, as well as within Uzbekistan.
Train is another means of transport to arrive in Tashkent which runs on regularly from Russia and Kazakhstan. Besides, it is very comfortable and popular to travel from all over cities in Uzbekistan, such as Samarkand, Bukhara, Karshi, Khiva and etc.
LANGUAGES IN TASHKENT
The official and national language is Uzbek language, at the same time Russian is used not only for international communication, but also in wider spheres of life.
English is getting more popular day-by-day in Tashkent, especially among young people. Maps, tourist information, signs, restaurant menus are provided in both languages. In hotels the staff are usually bilingual. In museums guides are Russian-speaking in many cases.
CURRENCY IN TASHKENT
It is the som which is main currency in Tashkent. The most widely-used foreign currency is US Dollars followed by the euro. The Russian ruble is less popular compared to the two abovementioned.
Foreign exchange bureaus operate at hotels, as well as in all banks. Many ATMs accept Visa and Mastercard.
Tashkent is safe enough to travel alone, with a family or in a group. During your visit you will be sure how peaceful and welcoming it is. However, visitors should be careful with their own belongings taking standard security precautions.
It is usual in Tashkent to see law enforcement and security officers in many public places, like parks, shopping centers, bazaars, metro stations and etc.
Tashkent can be found to be cultural centre of Uzbekistan. Here a number of museums, exhibition halls presenting different kinds of collections and expositions.
One of the reputable museums in Tashkent is State Museum of History maintaining treasure of history of Uzbekistan from the early Stone Age to present day. People interested in Uzbek craftsmanship can be amused with the collections of Uzbek carpets, ceramics, fabrics, skull-caps and other handicrafts in the Museum of Applied Art. Observing expositions in the Temurids Museum everyone may acknowledge a great deal on history of Great Timur and his destiny. Moreover, Tashkent Museum of Railway Equipment, the Polytechnical Museum offer noticeable collections on history of technical improvement happened in Uzbekistan.
Theatres are likely to contribute to make Tashkent perfect city: they also have an important role to play in cultural life of citizens. Among many of them Ilkhom Theatre is well-known for praiseworthy performances of both classical and modern works. The theatre is also home of concerts, festivals and exhibitions. The State Academic Theatre named after Alisher Navoi hosts regularly traditional productions of ballets, operas, and music. In the Republican Puppet Theatre Uzbek national puppet shows are always on.
THE MAIN PARKS IN TASHKENT
Tashkent parks which are equally beautiful in four seasons of the year appeal hikers.
There are a lot of green parks here, one of which is Ecopark showing off its hush and sereneness. There can be found people walking along clean and neat paths, having picnic, enjoying fresh air near streams.
Moreover, the Central park as well as Anhkor Lokomativ are usually full of visitors: both youngsters and adults love their not only amusing attractions, but also shady and cool sidewalks, benches.
In Tashkent diverse recreational activities can be found, which suit anyone’s interests
SHOPPING MALLS OF TASHKENT
Tashkent can offer two different kinds of shopping: traditional-Asian – Chorsu and Alay Bazaars are the most suitable ones for those who are quite fond of Uzbek national vibrant, live bazaars.in these places you can be astonished by fresh vegetables, mouth-watering fruits, the smell of newly-baked bread and of course by how affordable everything is. The noise of market under domes can make feel oneself belonging to this whole.
While Samarqand Darvoza, Next, Mega Planet and other shopping centres provide with modern facilities, like food courts, playgrounds for children, entertaining and recreational attractions and luxury international brands.
CUISINES IN TASHKENT
Like many mega cities in Tashkent various and numerous cafes and restaurants such as European, Russian, Turkish, Azarbaijan, Chinese, Japan, Korean, Indian, Middle Eastern, Caucasian, and national Uzbek cuisines are daily visited by food-lovers.
Nearly in every street of Tashkent there is at least one choikhona – teahouse where served mainly national dishes including plov, shurva, somsa, lagman, noryn, manti, chuchvara, qozonkabob, and diverse shashliks.
Actually, in all open air markets in Uzbekistan national food stalls can be visited, they are really hospitable. Especially, in Chorsu Bazaar you can get almost all Uzbek dishes at noticeably low prices.
The Central Palov Centre hosts nearly thousand of people on a daily basis. In an enormous pot – doshqozon Tashkent’s most delicious plov is made here, from all over city people come to eat plov.
CHORSU BAZAAR, TASHKENT
In Asian cities bazaars have had a significant role as a centre of not only trading, but also they are admitted as an important place to be gathered to know news, prices, to have a rest in choikhonas, to entertain by old theatrical performances.
Chorsu Bazaar located in the main square of the city Eski – Juva is more than hundred years old. Here was built or repaired a public bazaar several times, and even today the conventional architecture has remained as before. Although the blue domes recall the features of Islamic construction, they were built to protect from hot and cold weather and dust.
Constructing special covered bazaar complexes began in the XI century. Looking at the Chorsu bazaar you can find a number of particularities belonging to centuries long ago. The modern cardinal three-storey building decorated with oriental ornament is a marvellous domed construction with diameter of 300-350 meters. There is a lift system taking you lines of shops situated in the middle and the third floors, leaving the first floor as a basement
Uzbek people say that on the counters of bazaar there is anything except the soul of human. To some degree it is a true fact that in this particular Uzbek bazaar you can see, watch, taste the fresh fruits, delicious dried fruits, different types of breads – patirs,…sweets, kazy (cooked horse meat), so and so for. It is impossible just to pass by them! Around the bazaar there are a lot of choikhonas where serve appetizing plov, kebab, shurva, manti, lagman, dimlama and other Uzbek national meals.
HAST-IMAM COMPLEX IN TASHKENT
In the old part of Tashkent Hast Imam Square (Hazrati Imam) is located in the neighbourhood of wattle houses experienced an earthquake of 1966.
This holy place appeared near the tomb of Abu-Bakr Kaffal-Shashi who was the first Imam of this ancient city,the famous scholar of Holy Koran and Hadith, great poet as well as craftsman.
In the complex of Hasti Imom situated few architectural monuments, including Barak-Khan Madrasah, Tilla Sheikh Mosque, mausoleum of the saint Abu Bakr Kaffal Shashi and the Islamic Institute of Imam al-Bukhari, where upcoming preachers are educated. As well as to these, there placed the Spiritual Administration of the Muslims which is managed by the Mufti.
In addition to this, the library rich in ancient manuscripts from last centuries, especially, there the original Koran of Caliph Uthman has been preserved for centuries. It was written in the VII century, which is considered the primary holy book of whole Islamic world.
Actually, ancient manuscripts of Ottoman Koran had been kept in the treasury of Arab Caliphs: in Medina, Damascus, Bagdad till the time the Great Temur brought one of them here. It was tested and proved its authenticity by the Russian scientists in the nineteenth century in Saint Peterburoug. The book consists of 353 large-size parchment sheets.
The Hazrati Imam mosque was built in 2007. The minarets in the two sides of mosque and the patterns, done by skilful woodcarvers, make you remember the architecture of XVI century.
Moreover, landscape designers have done a great job, particularly, here planted many exotic trees, shrubs, flowers from various countries to make the complex much more breath-taking.
BARAK-KHAN MADRASAH, TASHKENT
Built by Suyunidzh Khan (Ulugbek’s grandson) in the XVI century the Barak-khan Madrasah has become Central Asian Muslims Spiritual Administration . It is popular with its rich library in longhand books, such as world-famous Osman Koran. As mentioned above this holy book is the primary source of Islam, consisting of 353 parchment pages of huge size with original Koran text and was written in the mid VII century.
They say that the Caliph Osman was reading when his enemies attempted to kill him. For centuries its deerskin pages has been keeping his blood stains. It was considered the most reliable script therefore the subsequent caliphs kept it at their courts. No one could ever oppose any other text to this book although there were several political, social attempts made by the Shias or other antagonists of the government.
In 1258 the Mongolian Khan Hulagu executed the caliph al- Mustasim with his servants, but the Holy book was able to be preserved. At the end of XIV century it was brought to Samarkand and Mirzo Ulugbek, the grandson of Temur had a giant marble lectern made for the Osman Koran in the yard of Bibi-Khanum Mausoleum. Afterwards this Holy Book came to Tashkent – to the mosque of Sheikh Khoja Akhror.
ISLAMIC INSTITUTE NAMED AFTER AL-BUKHARI
Tashkent Islamic Institute named after Imam al-Bukhari was founded in 1971 by Sheikh Ziyouddin ibn Babakhan. He was a prominent religious leader, scholar of Koran, famous preacher, after making concerned effort he was able to establish the first Islam institute in the ex-USSR.
The building is located in the old site of Namozgoh mosque which was destroyed at the end of XIX century as other religious monuments in the city. In 1997 the institute had its today’s look, after a reconstruction of Hasti Imam complex.
From the Tashkent Islam Institute about 200 students graduate annually, some of whom work in the secular institutions. Both the Committee of religious Affairs and the Ministry of Higher Education agreed on the educational program. .
Among the students of this institution of Muslim higher education are many famous CIS scholars, muftis and ulemas, such as: Ravil Gainutdin, Akhmad Kadyrov, Umar Idrisov, Allahshukur Pashazade and other.
WHO WAS KAFFAL-SHASHI?
Everybody knows in Tashkent the honoured name ‘’Hazrati Imom’’ though he lived a thousand years ago.
Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Ismail Al-Kaffal Al-Kabir as-Shashi was born in 291 Hijri year (903/904 AD) in Tashkent, in the locksmith family. His father was a skilled an educated man of his time and had a locksmithing workshop. Here little Abu Bakr Muhammad mastered this craft, at the same time he started writing his first poems.
Although he was young, he decided to continue his study in Khorasan, and then went to Bagdad, the centre of not only the Caliphate but also the Islam Law and Science. There Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (839-923), a world-famous historian, the author of ‘’History of the Prophets and the Kings’’, the interpretation of the Koran – Tafsir and other books on Sharia, was a tutor of him.
Kaffal ash-Shashi becomes an outstanding figure among the representatives of the Sharia school in Shafi madhhab after learning deeply in this particular field; achieves enormous consideration and respect for being erudite in many religious and scientific disciplines. His gifted capacity had his name lived and be living for over a thousand years, cited all over the world again and again, heard regularly in the lectures of professors.
According to some scripts, there was a noticeable contribution of Kaffal-Shashi in acceptance Islam by Turks-Karakhanids in 970.